Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)

Sodium bicarbonate is known as sodium hydrogen carbonate or baking soda in the food grade, which is a type of sodium salt with the molecular formula of NaHCO3, which is available in solid form, in powder form and granules with white and odorless color and has a playful property. This chemical is generally safe and has a normal stability in dry air and room temperature. It decomposes slowly in humid air and loses its carbon dioxide.


Applications of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) in industries:

The main applications of this product are its use in food industry and processing of baking powders as well as as an oral supplement in livestock and poultry diets to prevent metabolic and nutritional disorders.


Food industry:

Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is often recognized as a fermentation agent. This substance causes puffiness in the confectionery industry due to exposure to heat and acid by releasing carbon dioxide gas. For this reason, this substance is used in the food industry.

Use of baking soda in livestock and poultry feed:

Although baking soda has a weak (alkaline) property, it has a good buffering property and helps maintain the acid-base balance of organisms (livestock and poultry) by preventing severe changes in pH. Today, the use of buffering agents is necessary to minimize the negative effects of acidification of diets, so the use of buffering agents such as baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) in livestock and poultry feed has become very common. In cases of acidosis (metabolic acidosis in cattle), the alkalinity of baking soda maintains the acid-base balance in the body of organisms, and in cases of loss and reduction of bicarbonate ions, it can compensate for this deficiency (heat stress in broilers And laying and the need of laying hens for sodium bicarbonate to improve and increase the quality of the shell in the early and late production period). In the warm seasons of the year, up to one third of the poultry diet salt can be replaced with sodium bicarbonate.


hygiene industry:

This substance is used as an oxidizer in cleaners. When combined with hot water, it is used as a cleaner for all uses, from removing a contaminant from the surface of clothing to cleaning industrial boilers. The health benefits of baking soda can also be used as a scaling and teeth whitening, body odor remover, mouth disinfectant, gastric reflux and sunburn.

In the production of detergents, sodium bicarbonate due to its ability to regulate pH can neutralize the washing water and with its buffering property helps to regulate the pH of water; In this way, it improves the quality of washing and also creates a good scent.

Leather tanning and dyeing industries:

Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is used in the textile industry for dyeing and printing fabrics, and in leather tanning to soften and prevent the decomposition of animal fibers.

Polymer industries:

It is used in the polymer industry as a catalyst and as a purifier during the production process of complex polymers and plastics.

Production of fire-fighting powders:

Fire extinguishing properties are other things that can be mentioned for sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). When this substance is poured on the fire, the production of CO2 gas prevents the mixing of oxygen with the combustible material and quickly inhibits the fire.

Cosmetics industry:

Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) is used as a natural skin moisturizer and exfoliator to reduce wrinkles.


Other uses:

Another positive thing about this material is its cheapness and availability. In addition to all the applications mentioned, it can also help remove stains and clean various surfaces such as stoves, baths and tiles, etc.


applications :
– Food industry as a generating agent
– As feed for livestock and poultry
– Making fire powders
– Water and wastewater industry
– Textile and leather industries
– Production of detergents and cosmetics

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